Landscape Lighting Installation Steps
1. Install the Transformer
- Mount the Transformer inside or
outside in accordance with the manufacturer's UL instructions.
- Do Not Use Extension Cords!
- To connect the cable, strip the
insulation back 3/4", loosen the transformer's secondary output
terminal screws, slide the leads in as recommended, and tighten securely.
- Provide at least 10 feet of cable
between the transformer and the first fixture to prevent overdriving the
2. Install the Cable
- Connect the cable to the transformer
- Layout the cable following the cable
path in your drawing or plan.
- Allow enough extra cable length
(about 3 feet) for burying and splicing. Extra cable also allows you to move
fixtures as plants grow.
3. Assemble and Install the Fixtures
- Assemble the fixtures and install
the bulb (lamp) according to the manufacturer's directions.
- Seat the lamps securely in their
sockets. High-heat silicone lubricant will protect the lamp contacts and
make bulb replacement in the future much easier.
- Do not touch Halogen Bulbs with your
fingers since the oil from your skin will shorten the life of the bulb.
- Apply a lubricant to the threads
between the fixture body and the rim or lens cap so you will be able to
easily remove for future relamping (new bulb) and cleaning.
- Stake or fasten fixtures in place.
- For Ground-Mounting: bury in ground
or stake as per manufacturers instructions. For installation with a stake,
first run the lead wires out the bottom, then thread the stake to the
fixture. Insert the stake into the ground to hold the fixture in place.
- For Trees: attach fixtures to trees
with screws or nails (stainless steel fasteners) and secure the cable with
nail-on clips. Tying or clamping around a tree's trunk or branches can harm
- For Decks: attach fixtures to decks
with stainless steel or brass hardware.
- Try to conceal the light source,
either with a shroud on the fixture, or by tucking it behind a
shrub, large branch, wall, or rock. Ideally, you will be unable to see where
the light originates.
The effect should be visible not the source.
4. Connect Fixtures to Cable
- Connect the fixtures using silicone
sealed wire connectors (such as LV9500 wire
- Press-On Connectors should be
avoided since they do not provide a sound wire connection and do do provide adequate
moisture protection. This can cause significant wiring problems with time.
- Cut the cable at the location of the
fixture. On both ends of the cut cable, slice and separate the two leads for
about 3". Strip the insulation back 3/4" from each lead.
Twist together a lead from the fixture and one lead from each end of the
cable. Use the silicone filled wire nuts (LV9500 wire
nuts) to make the best
- Cut the final end of the cable
cleanly and apply protective silicone gel and tape it for protection against
- Bury the cable using the 103T
Hand Trencher. This Heavy Duty Tool will not tear sod or leave unsightly
shovel marks. The tool is used like a shovel when pushed in the ground you
pull the handle back and forth and you will make a trench that looks like a
V from 4" to 15" deep depending on soil conditions. After the wire
is installed in the trench, you can flip the tool over and tap the trench
closed with the T handle end of the trenching tool. It is a great tool to
use for low voltage lighting and irrigation installation industry.
|Use our links below to find detailed help and information from our Lighting School!